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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Burmanniaceae | Burmannia

5. Burmannia nepalensis (Miers) J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 5: 666. 1888.

宽翅水玉簪 kuan chi shui yu zan

Gonianthes nepalensis Miers, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18: 537. 1841 ["Gonyanthes"]; Burmannia fadouensis H. Li; B. liukiuensis Hayata.

Plants without chlorophyll, holomycotrophic, flowering when 4-13 cm tall. Stems whitish, slender. Basal rosette leaves absent. Cauline leaves triangular, 2-3.5 × ca. 1 mm. Inflorescences (1-)3-9-flowered; bracts triangular-lanceolate, 2-3 mm. Flowers pedicellate, whitish or yellow, 4-7 mm. Perianth tube 1.5-2.5 mm; wings conspicuous, 1-2 mm wide; outer tepals oblong-ovate, 0.5-1.2 mm, margin single; inner tepals orbicular, very small, margin single. Stamens sessile; connectives with 2 apical crests and a pendent basal spur. Ovary subglobose, 1.5-3 mm. Capsule subglobose. Seeds fusiform. Fl. and fr. Jul-Dec.

Wet areas in forests; 400-1600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand].


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