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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Calanthe

28. Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames, Philipp. J. Sci., C. 2: 326. 1907.

三褶虾脊兰 san zhe xia ji lan

Orchis triplicata Willemet, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 52. 1796; Alismorkis furcata (Bateman ex Lindley) Kuntze; A. veratrifolia Kuntze, nom. illeg. superfl.; Amblyglottis veratrifolia Blume, nom. illeg. superfl.; Calanthe furcata Bateman ex Lindley; C. rubicallosa Masamune; C. triplicata f. purpureoflora S. S. Ying; C. veratrifolia Ker Gawler, nom. illeg. superfl.; Limodorum veratrifolium Willdenow, nom. illeg. superfl.

Plants 40-100 cm tall. Rhizome inconspicuous. Pseudobulbs ovoid-cylindric, 1-3 × 1-2 cm, with 2 or 3 sheaths. Leaves 3 or 4, well developed and spreading at anthesis, not deciduous; blade elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 20-60 × 5-12 cm, glabrous or sometimes puberulent abaxially, apex acute; petiole-like base 10-18 cm. Scape arising from leaf axil, erect, 30-70 cm, puberulent; rachis 5-20 cm, densely many flowered; floral bracts persistent, ovate-lanceolate, 10-20 mm, puberulent or sometimes nearly glabrous. Flowers white, occasionally purplish red, later turning orange, turning black when dried; pedicel and ovary 30-40 mm, puberulent. Dorsal sepal recurved, subelliptic, 10-12 × 4.5-5.5 mm, abaxially puberulent, 5-veined, apex acute or apiculate; lateral sepals recurved, obovate-lanceolate, slightly oblique, 10-13 × 5-6 mm, abaxially puberulent, 5-veined. Petals recurved, obovate-lanceolate, 8-10 × 3-4.5 mm, abaxially puberulent, 3-veined, base clawed; lip adnate to entire length of column wings, 12-18 × ca. 14 mm, deeply 3-lobed; lateral lobes oblong to narrowly obovate-cuneate, ca. 7 × 3 mm, apex obtuse; mid-lobe divided by a deep sinus into 2 lobules, shortly apiculate in sinus; lobules divergent, linear-oblong, ca. as large as lateral lobes, ca. 3 mm wide; disk with 3 or 4 rows of small, golden or orange-red, wartlike calli at base; spur straight, white, cylindric, (6-)12-15 mm, slender, outside sparsely puberulent, apex obtuse. Column ca. 5 mm, dilated at apex, sparsely puberulent; rostellum 2-lobed; lobes suboblong, ca. 2 mm, apex subtruncate; pollinia clavate, unequal in size, 2-4 mm, with conspicuous caudicles; viscidium subelliptic, small. Fl. Apr-May. 2n = 18, 20, 40, 42.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 700-2400 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, N and SE Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Australia, Madagascar, SW Pacific islands].


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