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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Platanthera

9. Platanthera mandarinorum H. G. Reichenbach, Linnaea. 25: 226. 1852.

尾瓣舌唇兰 wei ban she chun lan

Plants 10-50 cm tall. Rootstock tuberous, ovoid to fusiform, 3-8 × 0.4-0.8 cm. Stem erect, with 2 or 3 tubular sheaths at base, 1- or 2-leaved. Leaves basal or cauline, alternate, narrowly elliptic, oblong, or linear-lanceolate, 3-12 × 0.8-3 cm, base clasping, apex acute or obtuse. Peduncle slender to somewhat robust, distinctly ridged, with several foliaceous, lanceolate bracts; rachis 3-22 cm, laxly to subdensely 3-20-flowered; floral bracts lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 8-20 mm, equal to or exceeding ovary. Flowers pale greenish yellow to green; pedicel and ovary arcuate, narrowly fusiform, 10-14 mm. Dorsal sepal not connivent with petals, broadly ovate to cordate or deltoid, concave, 4-7 × 3-5.5 mm, glabrous, 3-veined, apex obtuse or bluntly rounded; lateral sepals spreading or reflexed, oblong-lanceolate to broadly lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, oblique, 5-9 × 1.3-3.5 mm, glabrous, 3-veined, apex acute to acuminate. Petals spreading, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-linear, oblique, 6-9 × 3-4 mm, 3-veined, apex acute or obtuse; lip pendulous, linear-lanceolate to ligulate, 7-10 × 1-2.5 mm, entire, apex obtuse; spur pendulous, spreading horizontally, or curving upward, cylindric, 8-30 mm, obtuse to acute. Column 3-4 mm; staminodes ellipsoid, conspicuous; anther locules divergent or parallel, connective 2-3 mm wide, apex emarginate; pollinia ellipsoid, with long caudicles and suborbicular viscidia; rostellum broadly triangular; stigma lobes confluent, transversely oblong, concave, lying directly below rostellum.

Forests, forest margins, alpine or moist grasslands; 300-3200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, NE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

1 Lateral sepals linear-lanceolate, 1.3-2 mm wide, dorsal sepal deltoid.   9b subsp. formosana
+ Lateral sepals oblong-lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, (1.5-)2-3.5 mm wide, dorsal sepal broadly ovate to cordate   (2)
2 (1) Spur usually spreading horizontally or upcurved, (15-)20-30 mm; anther locules divergent   9a subsp. mandarinorum
+ Spur pendulous, 8-15 mm; anther locules parallel.   9c subsp. pachyglossa

Lower Taxa


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