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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Myrsinaceae | Ardisia

25. Ardisia lindleyana D. Dietrich, Syn. Pl. 1: 617. 1839.

山血丹 shan xue dan

Ardisia adenopes Miau; A. kwangtungensis E. Walker; A. punctata Lindley (Sep 1824), not Jack ex Wallich (Mar-Jun 1824); A. tsangii E. Walker; Bladhia punctata (Lindley) Nakai; Tinus punctata (Lindley) Kuntze.

Shrubs 1-2 m tall, without creeping rhizomes; densely and minutely reddish puberulent on branchlets, petioles, abaxial leaf surface, and inflorescence rachis. Branchlets terete, ca. 2.5 mm in diam. Petiole narrowly marginate, 1-1.5 cm; leaf blade oblong to lanceolate or oblanceolate, (7-)10-12(-18) × (1.5-)2-3.5(-4) cm, leathery or papery, glabrous, base cuneate, margin subentire or undulate, rarely serrate, slightly revolute, prominently punctate, with large vascularized marginal nodules, apex acute or acuminate, rarely obtuse; lateral veins 8-13 on each side of midrib, slightly raised adaxially, marginal vein conspicuous. Umbels on curved ends of specialized lateral branches 3-11 cm. Flowers papery, white, rarely pink, 5-6 mm. Pedicel 0.8-1.2 cm, to 2.5 cm in fruit. Sepals oblong to lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 2-3 mm, punctate, puberulent, margin entire, usually ciliate, apex broadly acute to obtuse. Petals nearly free, elliptic or ovate, punctate, glabrous abaxially, yellow glandular granulose adaxially at base, apex obtuse. Stamens shorter than petals; filaments shorter than anthers; anthers lanceolate, punctate dorsally, longitudinally dehiscent, apex apiculate. Pistil subequalling petals; ovary minutely puberulent, punctate; ovules ca. 5, uniseriate. Fruit dark red, globose, ca. 6 mm in diam., sparsely punctate, somewhat fleshy. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Oct-Dec.

Dense mixed forests, hills, valleys, along streams, dark damp places; 300-1200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [N Vietnam].


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