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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae | Mentha

1. Mentha canadensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 577. 1753.

薄荷 bo he

Mentha arvensis Linnaeus var. canadensis (Linnaeus) Maximowicz; M. arvensis f. chinensis Debeaux; M. arvensis subsp. haplocalyx (Briquet) Briquet; M. arvensis var. haplocalyx (Briquet) Briquet; M. haplocalyx Briquet; M. haplocalyx Briquet f. alba X. L. Liu & X. H. Guo; M. pedunculata Hu & Tsai.

Plants rhizomatous, perennial. Stems erect, 30-60 cm, puberulent, much branched. Petiole 2-10 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to oblong, 3-5(-7) × 0.8-3 cm, puberulent, base cuneate to rounded, margin remotely coarse dentate-serrate above base, apex acute. Verticillasters axillary, globose, ca. 1.8 cm in diam.; peduncle 0-3 mm. Pedicel slender, 2.5 mm. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ca. 2.5 mm, puberulent, glandular, obscurely 10-veined; teeth narrowly triangular-subulate, apex acuminate, ca. 1 mm. Corolla purplish or white, ca. 4 mm, puberulent; upper lobe largest, 2-lobulate; other lobes subequal, oblong, obtuse. Stamens ca. 5 mm. Nutlets yellow-brown, small pitted. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Oct.

Wet areas; 0-3500 m. In all provinces [Cambodia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam; North America]

Source of mint oil. Used in cigarettes, pharmaceuticals, and oral preparations.


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