282. Saussurea alpina (Linnaeus) Candolle, Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 16: 198. 1810.
高山风毛菊 gao shan feng mao ju
Serratula alpina Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 816. 1753.
Herbs 20-70 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, straw-colored to purplish red, erect, apically branched, wingless, sparsely pubescent or subglabrous. Lower and middle stem leaves petiolate; petiole 1-4 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 8-12(-20) × 0.7-3 cm, abaxially grayish white or grayish green and densely arachnoid tomentose, adaxially green and glabrous, base cuneate-attenuate, margin denticulate, apex acuminate. Upper stem leaves sessile, narrowly elliptic to linear, 1-5 × 0.1-0.5 cm, gradually smaller upward on stem, base slightly amplexicaul, margin entire, apex acuminate. Capitula numerous, in a corymbiform synflorescence, shortly pedunculate. Involucre narrowly campanulate, 6-12 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 4 or 5 rows, greenish but purple apically, glabrous to sparsely villous, apex acute to subobtuse; outer phyllaries ovate-elliptic, ca. 3 × 2 mm; middle phyllaries oblong, ca. 6 × 2 mm; inner phyllaries narrowly ovate-elliptic, ca. 9 × 1.5 mm. Corolla purplish red, 1-1.2 cm, tube ca. 5 mm, limb ca. 7 mm. Achene pale brown, cylindric, 2-3 mm. Pappus basally pale brown, apically white; outer bristles 1-3 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 7-9 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 26, 52, 54.
Alpine steppes, rocky slopes, scree slopes; ca. 3000 m. N and W Xinjiang (Altay Shan, Tian Shan) [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan; C and N Europe].