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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Heterosmilax

8. Heterosmilax gaudichaudiana (Kunth) Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 17: 176. 1872.

合丝肖菝葜 he si xiao ba qia

Smilax gaudichaudiana Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 252. 1850; Heterosmilax gaudichaudiana var. hongkongensis (Seemann) A. de Candolle; H. gaudichaudiana var. latifolia Bodinier ex H. Léveillé; H. japonica Kunth var. gaudichaudiana (Kunth) F. T. Wang & T. Tang; Oligosmilax gaudichaudiana (Kunth) Seemann; S. erythrantha Baillon ex Gagnepain; S. hongkongensis Seemann; S. mcclurei T. Koyama.

Vines climbing. Stems woody. Petiole 1--3(--5) cm, narrowly winged for 1/5--1/3 its length; tendrils well developed. Leaf blade ovate to subcordate-orbicular, 4--14 × 2--13 cm. Peduncle 1--3.5(--9) cm, compressed. Umbels of both sexes 5--50-flowered, base globose, 2--3 mm in diam.; pedicels 0.5--1.5 cm. Male flowers: perianth red-purple, ovoid-ellipsoid or narrowly ovoid, 4--4.5 × 2--3 mm, teeth deltoid; stamens 3, 3--4 mm; filaments connate throughout, forming a column; anthers ovate, 0.5--0.7 mm. Female flowers: perianth ovoid-ellipsoid, ca. 3.8 × 2.3 mm; stigmas ca. 3 mm; staminodes 5 or 6. Berries purplish black, globose, 0.8--1.2 cm in diam. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Dec.

Dense forests, sparsely forested slopes, hillsides, shrubby slopes along valleys; 600--1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan [Vietnam].


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