6. Sisymbrium orientale Linnaeus, Centuria Plantarum. 2: 24. 1756.
东方大蒜芥 dong fang da suan jie
Sisymbrium fujianense L. K. Ling.
Herbs annual, (10-)20-70(-85) cm tall. Stems erect, branched above, sparsely to densely soft pubescent at least near base, usually glabrous above. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole (1-)2-5(-9) cm; leaf blade broadly oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate in outline, runcinate-pinnatipartite, 3-8(-10) × (1-)2-4(-6) cm; lateral lobes 2-5 on each side of midvein, much smaller than terminal one, oblong or lanceolate, subentire or dentate; terminal lobe lanceolate or deltoid, often hastate. Uppermost cauline leaves with narrowly lanceolate or linear, often hastate terminal lobe and 1 or 2 lateral lobes. Fruiting pedicels ascending to subdivaricate, stout and nearly as thick as fruit, (2-)3-6 mm. Sepals oblong, ascending, 3.5-5.5 × 1-2 mm. Petals pale yellow, spatulate, (6-)7-9(-10) × 2.5-4 mm; claw subequaling sepals. Filaments yellowish, erect, (4-)5-8 mm; anthers oblong, 1-1.8 mm. Ovules (60-)80-100(-140) per ovary. Fruit narrowly linear, stout, terete, (5-)6-10(-13) cm × 1-1.5 mm, straight; valves glabrous or pubescent, smooth; style subclavate, 1-3(-4) mm; stigma prominently 2-lobed; septum slightly thickened. Seeds oblong, 1-1.5 × 0.7-0.9 mm, inserted in depressions of septum. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. May-Aug. 2n = 14.
Waste grounds, roadsides, disturbed sites. Fujian, Shanxi [India, Japan, Kashmir, Pakistan, Russia; SW Asia, Europe; introduced elsewhere].
The above first record of Sisymbrium orientale from China is based on Li Huaxi 80 (MO) and the type of S. fujianense.
Also see the following paper, which appeared after publication of the FOC treatment: ZHOU Hongxia, LIU Ende, LIU Zhenwen et al. 2007. An alien species, Sisymbrium orientale (Brassicaceae), emerged in Yunnan, China. Acta Bota. Yunnan. 29(3): 333-336.