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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Caryophyllaceae | Silene

77. Silene indica Roxburgh ex Otth, Prodr. 1: 368. 1824.

印度蝇子草 yin du ying zi cao

Herbs perennial, 25--50 cm tall. Roots robust, root crown lignified, producing stoloniform stems. Stems caespitose, erect or ascending, gray-green, simple or branched, hairy, apically glandular hairy. Basal leaves withered early; cauline leaves 4--8 pairs, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2--4(--4.5) × 1--2 cm, hirtellous, glandular hairy, margin ciliate, base cuneate, half clasping, apex acute. Flowers 7--20(--30). Pedicel elongated. Flowers slightly nutant, erect in late anthesis. Calyx campanulate, slightly inflated, 1.1--1.8 cm × 6--12 mm, umbilicate at base, open at apex, glandular hairy; longitudinal veins dark violet or green, densely hirtellous-glandular hairy; calyx teeth broadly triangular, 3--4 mm, margin membranous, glandular ciliate, apex obtuse. Androgynophore 2--3 mm, weakly hairy. Petals exserted 3--4 mm beyond calyx, green or violet-brown; claws cuneate, 9--11 mm, narrowly auriculate, glabrous or sparsely villous in early anthesis; limbs nearly orbicular, ca. 4 mm, bifid or deeply so, lobes entire or with obtuse laciniae; coronal scales round, scarious, with small round teeth at apex, 0.5--1 mm. Stamens exserted; filaments villous at base. Styles 4 or 5. Capsule ovoid, 1.1--1.2 cm × 7--8 mm, 8--10-toothed. Seeds triangular-reniform, ca. 1 mm, with auriculate pit on two sides, abaxially with prominent tubercles. Fl. Jul, fr. Aug.

Mountains, mountain scrub; 2300--3900 m. S Xizang [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Nepal].

1 Calyx 11--14 × 6--9 mm; androgynophore ca. 2 mm   77a var. indica
+ Calyx 14--18 × 10--12 mm; androgynophore ca. 3 mm   77b var. bhutanica


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