All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 69 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Caryophyllaceae | Silene

9. Silene indica Roxb. ex Otth in DC., Prodr. 1:368. 1824. Bocquet in Candollea, l.c. 12; id., l.c. 65.


Perennial, up to 55 cm tall. Stems usually simple, erect, greyish-green, minutely pubescent to scabrulous, eglandular. Leaves 22-70 x 5-30 mm, variable in size and shape; uppermost ones smaller; middle cauline and basal leaves linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate or ovate lanceolate, petioled, ± membranous, minutely pubescent. Flowers in lax dichotomously branched cymes, white inside, pale purplish to reddish-brown on the outside, usually nodding when young. Pedicels pubescent. Calyx 12-20 mm long. inflated, ± membranous, oblong to globose, minutely pubsecent to glandulose, nervose; nerves many, green to greenish-brown; lobes acute or ± obtuse, margin minutely ciliate. Petal limb bilobed, each lobe further divided or the limb fimbriate; coronal scales 2, usually with a lobed apex; claw auricled, base villous. Carpohore short and woolly. Capsule equalling or barely exceeding calyx. Seeds c.1.1 mm long, reniform, pusticulate (especially on back), black.

A polymorphic species in which 3 varieties can be distinguished.

1 Petals much longer than calyx, limb fimbriate   9 Silene indica var. edgeworthii
+ Petals barely longer than calyx, the lobes divided but not fimbriate   (2)
2 (1) Spreading weak plants. Calyx lobes obtuse   9 Silene indica var. indica
+ Erect plants. Calyx lobes acute to subacuminate   9 Silene indica var. cashmeriana

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |