5. Acalypha acmophylla Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 436. 1894.
尾叶铁苋菜 wei ye tie xian cai
Acalypha szechuanensis Hutchinson.
Deciduous shrubs, 1-1.5 m tall. Branchlets whitish pubescent; branches slender, reddish, glabrescent. Stipules triangular, 2-2.5 mm; petiole 1-5 cm, pilose; leaf blade ovate, narrowly ovate, or rhombic-ovate, 2.5-10 × 1.5-3.5 cm, membranous, both surfaces pilose along veins, base cuneate or obtuse, margin coarsely serrate, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate; basal veins 3. Spikes axillary, commonly bisexual, 4-6 cm; slender peduncle 3-10 mm, pilosulose; base with 1 female flower, distally with male flowers, sometimes entirely male, or shortened inflorescence with only 1 female flower; female bracts cupulate, fruiting accrescent, ca. 5 × 8 mm, 11-denticulate, pilose; male bracts subovate, ca. 1 mm, pilose. Male flowers 3-9, fascicled; pedicel ca. 1 mm; sepals 4, ovate, ca. 0.8 mm; stamens 8. Female flowers sessile; sepals (3 or)4, subovate, 1-1.2 mm, acute, puberulent; ovary hairy; styles 3, 4-5 mm, laciniate. Capsule 3-locular, ca. 3 mm in diam., pilose and scattered tuberculate. Fl. Apr-Aug.
● Mountain valleys or slopes, gullies, thickets; 100-1700 m. S Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, W Hubei, S Shanxi, Sichuan, C and NE Yunnan.