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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Ulmaceae | Celtis

1. Celtis philippensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. 197. 1837.

大果油朴 da guo you po

Trees to 30 m tall, evergreen. Bark grayish white to grayish brown or gray. Branchlets brown or tan, glabrous or pubescent. Winter buds naked, without differentiated scales. Stipules ovate-lanceolate to ovate, 2-8 mm, glabrous or pubescent, enfolding naked terminal bud, apex attenuate. Petiole glabrous, 0.5-1.5(-2) cm, adaxial furrow deep and narrow or broad and shallow; leaf blade lanceolate-elliptical, ovate-elliptical, or oblong, 4.5-18 × 2.5-11.5 cm, papery to leathery, glabrous or with a scattering of inconspicuous appressed hairs, base acute, obtuse, or rounded, symmetric or weakly asymmetric, margin entire, apex rounded-obtuse to gradually or abruptly acuminate; secondary veins 1 or 2 on each side of midvein. Cymes 1 or 2 per leaf axil, densely flowered, much branched, each with ca. 5 bisexual flowers and 5 or more male flowers. Styles 2, apically broadened and 2-cleft or emarginate. Infructescences 1-3 per leaf axil, stout, branched or unbranched, with 1-3 drupes and prominent scars from fallen flowers, glabrous, 2.5-5 cm, 3-6 × as long as subtending petiole. Drupe orange to red, 0.8-1.4 cm, globose to ellipsoid, base rounded to obtuse, apex rounded to obtuse. Stone ovoid to ± globose, 6-13 mm, conspicuously to inconspicuously ribbed.

Monsoon rain forests in limestone areas, forests, slopes; near sea level to 1000 m. Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan, S Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Australia, Pacific Islands].

1 Trees to 30 m tall; leaf blade 8-18 cm, each side with 1 conspicuous lateral vein reaching blade apex; drupe 1-1.5 cm.   1a var. philippensis
+ Trees 3-12 m tall; leaf blade 3-10 cm, each side with 2 conspicuous lateral veins and basal lateral vein reaching to 2/3 of blade; drupe 0.8-1.2 cm.   1b var. wightii


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