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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Ulmaceae | Celtis

2. Celtis timorensis Spanoghe, Linnaea. 15: 343. 1841.

假玉桂 jia yu gui

Celtis cinnamomea Lindley ex Planchon.

Trees, to 20 m tall, evergreen. Bark grayish white, gray, or grayish brown. Branchlets golden brown pubescent when young, brown and glabrescent with age, with scattered short linear lenticels. Winter buds brown, ca. 2 mm; scales at least inner ones pubescent. Stipules linear-lanceolate to linear, 2-7 mm, not enclosing bud, caducous. Petiole 3-12 mm, pubescent, glabrescent; leaf blade usually golden brown pubescent when young, ovate-elliptic to ovate-oblong, 5-15 × 2.5-7.5 cm, ± coriaceous, base broadly cuneate to ± rounded and distinctly asymmetric, margin entire or weakly serrate above middle and with 15 low rounded teeth on each side, apex acuminate to caudate-acuminate; secondary veins 1 or 2 on each side of midvein. Inflorescence a branched cyme, ca. 10-flowered, golden brown pubescent when young; proximal inflorescences with male flowers, distal inflorescences with male and female flowers. Styles 2, linear, undivided. Infructescences branched, 2-3.5 cm, pubescent or glabrous, with 3 or 4 drupes and several prominent scars from fallen flowers. Drupe yellow, becoming red to orange-red when mature, broadly ovoid, 7-9 mm, base rounded, apex conic-acute. Stone white, ovoid, ca. 6 mm, reticulately foveolate, conspicuously 4-ribbed.

Roadsides, slopes; near sea level to 200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan (Leshan), SW Xizang, Yunnan [Bangladesh, N India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].


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