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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Menispermaceae | Cyclea

1. Cyclea barbata Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3. 18: 19. 1866.

毛叶轮环藤 mao ye lun huan teng

Cyclea ciliata Craib; C. wallichii Diels.

Vines, herbaceous, to 5 m. Roots slightly fleshy, ?not tuberous. Young branches hispid. Petiole hispid, 1-5 cm; leaf blade conspicuously peltate, ± broadly triangular-ovate, 4-10 × 2.5-8 cm or more, papery or submembranous, abaxially puberulent to tomentose, margin densely hispid, adaxially hispid or sometimes subglabrous, base slightly emarginate or truncate, apex acutely acuminate or obtuse with a finely mucronate acumen, palmately 9- or 10(-12)-veined. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous. Male inflorescences paniculate, broad and large, 7-30 × (0.5-)4-12 cm, puberulent, flowers condensed to capitate, interruptedly borne on branches. Male flowers: pedicels conspicuous; calyx cupular, 1.5-2 mm, hispid, lobes 4 or 5, ca. 1/2 length of tube; corolla cup-shaped (turbinate), ca. 0.7 mm, apex subtruncate; synandrium slightly exserted. Female inflorescences pendulous, narrowly racemelike paniculate. Female flowers sessile; sepals 2, slightly unequal, obovate to rhombic, ca. 0.4 mm, pilose on outer surface; petals 2, reniform, ca. 0.5 × 1 mm, glabrous; ovary densely hispid, stigma 3-laciniate. Drupes red, obliquely obovate to rotund, puberulent; endocarp ca. 3 mm, abaxially bearing 3 rows of papillate tubercles, row bordering condyle not very conspicuous. Fl. autumn, fr. summer.

Forests, forest margins, shrublands at village margins. SW Guangdong, Hainan [NE India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

This species is used medicinally.


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