14. Flemingia procumbens Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 338. 1832.
矮千斤拔 ai qian jin ba
Flemingia vestita Baker; Maughania procumbens (Roxburgh) Mukerjee; M. vestita (Baker) Kuntze.
Herbs, perennial; roots tuberous. Stems prostrate, to 60 cm, densely pubescent. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate; stipules ovate, 4-8 mm, persistent; petiole 1-2 cm, wingless, pubescent; petiolules short, densely hairy; leaflets papery; terminal leaflet oblong or nearly obovate, 1-5 × 0.5-2.5 cm, both surfaces sparsely pubescent or almost glabrous, abaxial surface with dense dark red glands, basal veins 3, lateral veins 3-5 pairs, apex and base rounded or almost so; lateral leaflets obliquely elliptic, slightly smaller. Raceme axillary or terminal, 2-10 cm, densely pubescent; bracts lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, striate. Flowers ca. 6 mm, clustered; pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes linear-lanceolate, lower one longest, longer than tube. Corolla slightly longer than calyx; standard elliptic, base with claw and auricles at 2 sides; wings narrowly oblong, base with claw and auricle at one side; keels falcate, clawed. Ovary elliptic, sparsely hairy; style linear, glabrous. Legume elliptic, ca. 5 × 4 mm, sparsely shortly villous and black glandular. Fl. Aug-Sep.
Mountain slopes. Sichuan, Yunnan [India, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Vietnam].
Flemingia procumbens is cultivated as a minor root tuber crop in India.