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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Lauraceae | Litsea

3a. Litsea cubeba var. cubeba

山鸡椒(原变种) shan ji jiao (yuan bian zhong)

Laurus cubeba Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 252. 1790; Benzoin cubeba (Loureiro) Hatusima; Lindera dielsii H. Léveillé; Litsea cubeba f. obtusifolia Yen C. Yang & P. H. Huang; L. dielsii (H. Léveillé) H. Léveillé; L. mollifolia Chun var. glabrata (Diels) Chun; L. mollis Hemsley var. glabrata Diels.

Branchlets, buds, both surfaces of leaf blade, and umbels glabrous.

Sunny slopes, thickets, sparse forests, roadsides, watersides; 300-1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [S and SE Asia].

The wood is used for general furniture-making and construction. The flowers, leaves, and fruit walls are processed for citral and are used for their fragrance and medicinal properties. The fruit core contains ca. 62% oil and is used in industry. The roots, branchlets, leaves, and fruits are all used medicinally for treating internal health problems, such as swelling and pain. In Kunming, Shanghai, and Sichuan, the fruits are used as a medicine known as "bi cheng qie" (毕澄茄).


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