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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Magnoliaceae | Michelia

20. Michelia macclurei Dandy, J. Bot. 66: 360. 1928.

醉香含笑 zui xiang han xiao

Magnolia macclurei (Dandy) Figlar; Michelia macclurei var. sublanea Dandy; M. multitepala R. Z. Zhou & S. G. Jian.

Trees, to 30 m tall, to 1 m d.b.h. Bark grayish white, smooth and not fissured. Young twigs, buds, petioles, stipules, and brachyblasts densely firmly and glossy reddish brown shortly tomentose to spreading villous. Petiole 1.5-4 cm, adaxially narrowly furrowed, without a stipular scar; leaf blade obovate, elliptic-obovate, rhomboid, or oblong-elliptic, 7-18 × 5-7 cm, leathery, abaxially with grayish trichomes mixed with brown appressed short tomentum, adaxially at first pubescent but later glabrescent, secondary veins 10-15 on each side of midvein, slender, and adaxially inconspicuous, reticulate veins slender, forming a honeycomb pattern, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, apex shortly acute to acuminate. Brachyblasts 1-1.8 cm, 3-4 mm in diam., with 2-3 bract scars. Flower buds sometimes enclosing 2 or 3 small flower buds on different nodes and forming a 2- or 3-flowered thyrse. Tepals usually 9-12, white, rarely red, spoon-shaped to oblanceolate, 3-5 cm; inner tepals narrower and smaller. Stamens 1-2 cm; filaments red, ca. 1 mm; connective exserted and forming a ca. 1 mm mucro; anthers 0.8-1.4 cm. Gynophore 1-2.5 cm, densely brown tomentose; gynoecium 1.4-2 cm; carpels ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 1-3 × ca. 1.5 cm, sparsely white lenticellate, dehiscing into 2 valves along both ventral and dorsal sutures, base broad, apex rounded. Seeds 1-3 per carpel, compressed ovoid, 0.8-1 × 0.6-0.8 mm. Fl. Feb-Apr, fr. Sep-Nov.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 200-1500 m. Guangdong, N Guangxi, Hainan, SE Yunnan (Xichou) [N Vietnam].

Michelia ovatifolia Y. W. Law & R. Z. Zhou (in Y. H. Liu, Magnolias China, 300. 2004) belongs here but was not validly published because no Latin description or diagnosis was provided and no type was indicated (Vienna Code, Art. 36.1 and 37.1).

This species is grown as an ornamental and used for timber.


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