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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

65. Saussurea alata Candolle, Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 16: 202. 1810.

具翅风毛菊 ju chi feng mao ju

Saussurea runcinata Candolle var. dentata Ledebour.

Herbs, perennial, 20-70 cm tall. Stem solitary, erect, api-cally branched, winged; wings entire or dentate. Basal leaves petiolate; leaf blade narrowly elliptic, 10-20 × 1-6 cm, lyrate, pinnately lobed, pinnatisect, or rarely undivided, both surfaces green, strigose, and gland-dotted; lateral lobes triangular to narrowly ovate-elliptic, margin sinuate-dentate or entire, apex with cartilaginous mucro. Lower and middle stem leaves petiolate or sessile, gradually smaller upward on stem. Upper stem leaves sessile, narrowly elliptic to linear, margin entire. Capitula numerous, in a corymbiform or paniculiform synflorescence, sessile or pedunculate. Involucre cylindric to ovoid, 8-10 mm in diam. Phyllaries in ca. 5 rows; outer phyllaries narrowly ovate-elliptic, ca. 4 × 1.5 mm, apex acute to obtuse; middle phyllaries narrowly elliptic, 5-6 × ca. 2 mm, apex obtuse to rounded; inner phyllaries narrowly elliptic to linear, ca. 8 × 2 mm, appendage purple, widened, membranous, and denticulate. Receptacle bristles 4-5 mm. Corolla purplish red, 1.1-1.6 cm, tube ca. 6 mm, limb ca. 8 mm, lobes ca. 3 mm. Achene dark brown, obconic to cylindric, 3-4 mm. Pappus straw-colored; outer bristles 2-5 mm; inner bristles 8-10 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.

Salt marshes, fallow and cultivated fields, sandy soils; 500-1200 m. Nei Mongol, Xinjiang [Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].


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