231. Saussurea flaccida Y. Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping. 3: 165. 1935.
萎软风毛菊 wei ruan feng mao ju
Herbs 25-50 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, slender, erect, simple or apically few branched, sparsely arachnoid. Basal and lower stem leaves petiolate; petiole 6-13 cm; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate, 2.5-6 × 2-5 cm, thinly papery, abaxially grayish white and densely white tomentose, adaxially green, scabrid, and densely strigose, base cordate, margin sinuate-dentate to denticulate, apex acute to acuminate. Upper stem leaves shortly petiolate to subsessile, gradually smaller upward on stem; leaf blade narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong. Capitula 2-4, in a corymbiform synflorescence or sometimes solitary, pedunculate. Involucre obconic to oblong, 5-6 mm in diam. Phyllaries in ca. 4 rows, rigid, leathery, densely arachnoid, apex with a blackish purple mucro; outer phyllaries ovate-triangular, ca. 3 × 2 mm, apex acute; middle phyllaries elliptic, ca. 6 × 2 mm, apex obtuse; inner phyllaries broadly linear, ca. 7 × 1 mm, apex acute. Corolla pale yellowish brown, ca. 1 cm, tube ca. 5 mm, limb ca. 5 mm. Achene cylindric, ca. 5 mm, ribbed, glabrous. Pappus straw-colored; outer bristles 2-3 mm, scabrid; inner bristles ca. 8 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Sep.
● Montane grasslands, thickets; 2700-2800 m. S Shaanxi (Qin Ling).