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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

222. Saussurea grandifolia Maximowicz, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 9: 169. 1859.

大叶风毛菊 da ye feng mao ju

Saussurea coarctata (Herder) Kitamura; S. grandifolia var. asperifolia Herder; S. grandifolia var. coarctata Herder; S. grandifolia var. tenuior Herder.

Herbs 35-120 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, erect, apically branched, sparsely strigose to subglabrous. Basal leaves withered at anthesis. Lower and middle stem leaves petiolate; petiole 3-9(-13) cm; leaf blade cordate-ovate to triangular-ovate, 7-20 × 4-13 cm, rigid, both surfaces green, scabrid, and sparsely strigose, base shallowly cordate to truncate, margin coarsely dentate, apex acuminate. Upper stem leaves shortly petiolate to subsessile; leaf blade ovate-triangular, ovate-rhombic, or narrowly ovate-elliptic, gradually smaller upward on stem, base cuneate, apex acuminate. Capitula 3-18, in a corymbiform or paniculiform synflorescence or rarely solitary, pedunculate. Involucre campanulate, 1.2-1.5 cm in diam. Phyllaries in 5 or 6(-9) rows, arachnoid, apex acute to obtuse and mucronate; outer phyllaries ovate-elliptic, 3-5 × 2-3 mm; middle phyllaries elliptic, 5-8 × 2-3 mm; inner phyllaries linear, 8-12 × 1.5-2 mm. Receptacle bristles 7-8 mm. Corolla dull red, 1.3-1.5 cm, tube 6-8 mm, limb 6-7 mm, lobes 4-5 mm. Achene straw-colored, cylindric, 4-5 mm, glabrous. Pappus dirty white; outer bristles 1-2 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 0.9-1.1 cm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 26.

Forests, forest margins, meadows, mountain slopes; 200-1100 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning [Korea, Russia (Far East)].


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