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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Myrtaceae | Syzygium

1. Syzygium acuminatissimum (Blume) Candolle, Prodr. 3: 261. 1828.

肖蒲桃 xiao pu tao

Myrtus acuminatissima Blume, Bijdr. 1088. 1826-1827; Acmena acuminatissima (Blume) Merrill & L. M. Perry; Eugenia acuminatissima (Blume) Kurz (1875), not Miquel (1846); E. cuspidato-ovata Hayata; E. subdecurrens (Miquel) Merrill & Chun; Jambosa acuminatissima (Blume) Hasskarl; Syzygium cuspidato-ovatum (Hayata) Mori; S. subdecurrens Miquel.

Trees, to 20 m tall. Branchlets terete or obtusely ridged. Petiole 5-8 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 5-12 × 1-3.5 cm, leathery, adaxially dark with numerous oil glands, secondary veins numerous, ca. 3 mm apart, at an angle of 65°-70° from midvein, abaxially visible, and adaxially inconspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate, apex caudate-acuminate and with a ca. 2 cm acumen. Inflorescences terminal, 3-flowered cymes arranged into panicles, 3-6 cm; peduncle ridged. Flower buds obovoid, 3-4 mm, basally cuneate, apically rounded. Hypanthium obconic, shortly stipitate. Calyx lobes inconspicuous, apical margins of hypanthium incurved. Petals white, distinct, ca. 1 mm. Stamens ca. 1 mm. Fruit blackish purple when ripe, globose, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., 1-seeded. Embryo with intrusive branching tissue extending into and interlocking cotyledons. Fl. Jul-Oct.

Low to middle elevation forests. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan (Lan Yu) [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand; Pacific islands].


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