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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Lauraceae | Litsea

40. Litsea martabanica (Kurz) J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 5: 164. 1886.

滇南木姜子 dian nan mu jiang zi

Tetranthera martabanica Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma 2: 301. 1877, based on T. calophylla Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42: 192. 1873, not Miquel (1852); Litsea garrettii Gamble.

Evergreen trees, 4-12 m tall. Young branchlets pale yellow pubescent. Leaves alternate; petiole 1-2 cm, ferruginous tomentose; leaf blade long elliptic, 8-16 × 3.6-6 cm, ferruginous tomentose and becoming subglabrous abaxially, glabrous adaxially, pinninerved, lateral veins 6-8 pairs, reticulate-veined abaxially, base cuneate, apex long acuminate or slightly falcate-acuminate. Umbels 4-8 in racemes on short branchlets, 5-flowered; short branchlets 1.5-4 cm; peduncle 8-10 mm, pubescent. Male flowers: pedicel 6-8 mm; perianth segments 6, yellow, oblong; fertile stamens 9; filaments pubescent, of 3rd whorls each with 2 small stipitate reniform glands at base; rudimentary pistil glabrous. Fruit oblong, 10-15 × 5-6 mm, black at maturity, seated on cup-shaped perianth tube; fruiting pedicel 6-8 mm, slightly thickened at apex. Fl. Oct-Nov, fr. Jun-Jul of next year.

Thickets, broad-leaved forests; 500-2500 m. S and SW Yunnan [Myanmar, Thailand].


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