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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Lauraceae | Litsea

39. Litsea semecarpifolia (Wallich ex Nees) J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 5: 165. 1886.

玉兰叶木姜子 yu lan ye mu jiang zi

Tetranthera semecarpifolia Wallich ex Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 31. 1832; Litsea magnoliifolia Yen C. Yang & P. H. Huang.

Evergreen trees, 12-20 m tall, 20-79 cm d.b.h. Branchlets stout, angulate, densely ferruginous-brown pubescent when young. Leaves alternate; petiole 2-4.5 cm, densely hairy like young branchlets; leaf blade elliptic or obovate-elliptic to obovate, 11-20 × 5-10 cm, densely brown puberulent abaxially when young, along midrib ferruginous pubescent adaxially when young, pinninerved, lateral veins 9-12 pairs, base cuneate or rotund, apex rounded-obtuse or shortly acute. Umbels 8-12 in racemes on short branchlets, 6-flowered; short branchlets 3-6 cm, densely ferruginous pubescent; peduncle 2.5-5 mm. Male flowers: pedicel ca. 2 mm; perianth segments 8, lanceolate or oblanceolate; fertile stamens 12-14, exserted; filaments pubescent, of 3rd and 4th whorls each with 2 subsessile obovoid glands at base; rudimentary pistil ca. 2.5 mm. Fruit compressed globose, ca. 1.2 × 1.6 cm, apiculate, black at maturity, seated on discoid perianth tube; fruiting pedicel 1-1.8 cm, pubescent. Fl. Nov, fr. Sep-Oct of next year.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests, high grasslands; 600-1400 m. S and SW Yunnan [E Bangladesh, Myanmar, N Thailand].


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