191. Berberis kaschgarica Ruprecht, Sert. Tiansch. 38. 1869.
喀什小檗 ka shi xiao bo
Shrubs, deciduous, ca. 1 m tall. Branches purplish red, shiny, terete, glabrous; internodes ca. 1 cm; spines 3-fid, pale yellow, 1-2.5 cm, adaxially slightly sulcate. Leaves subsessile; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially green, oblanceolate, 1-2.5 cm × 2-5 mm, papery, both surfaces not pruinose, abaxially with raised midvein, adaxially with slightly raised midvein, lateral veins 2 or 3 pairs, inconspicuous, both surfaces with inconspicuous reticulate veins, base cuneate, margin entire, occasionally 1- or 2-spinose-serrate on each side, apex acute, aristate. Inflorescence a raceme, 5-9-flowered, 1.5-3 cm, often with 1 or more fascicled flowers at base, glabrous; bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 2 mm. Pedicels 4-10 mm, but pedicels of fascicled flowers to 1.3 cm; bractlets lanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm. Sepals in 2 whorls; outer sepals elliptic, ca. 3 × 1.5 mm; inner sepals obovate, ca. 4.5 × 3 mm. Petals oblong, ca. 4 × 2 mm, base cuneate, with separate glands, apex emarginate. Stamens ca. 2.5 mm; anther connective not prolonged, truncate. Ovules 5. Berry black, ovoid-globose, ca. 8 × 6 mm, not pruinose, style persistent. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jun-Aug.
● Valley floors, steppe lands, slopes, forest margins, thickets; 1900-2800 m. Xinjiang.
The specific epithet was spelled "kaschgarica" in the protologue, although "kasgarica" has been commonly used.