13. Saussurea inversa Raab-Straube, Willdenowia. 41: 92. 2011.
黑毛雪兔子 hei mao xue tu zi
Saussurea sorocephala (Schrenk ex Fischer & C. A. Meyer) Schrenk var. glabrata J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 3: 377. 1881, not S. glabrata (Candolle) C. Shih (1999); S. gnaphalodes (Royle ex Candolle) Schultz Bipontinus var. glabrata (J. D. Hooker) Handel-Mazzetti; S. hypsipeta Diels var. glabrata (J. D. Hooker) Lipschitz.
Herbs 3-15 cm tall, perennial, polycarpic, sometimes caespitose. Caudex simple or branched at ground level. Stem solitary, 2-5 mm in diam., erect, simple. Rosette and lower stem leaves long petiolate; petiole green; leaf blade narrowly obovate-spatulate, elliptic, or oblong, 1-3 × 0.3-1 cm, both surfaces green but sometimes tinged purple and glabrous or sparsely white arachnoid, base attenuate, margin obtusely dentate or entire, apex obtuse. Upper stem leaves sessile, narrowly triangular-ovate, usually reflexed, both surfaces white and blackish lanate, margin crenate or entire, apex obtuse to acuminate. Capitula 5-15, in a hemispheric synflorescence 2-4 cm in diam., sessile. Involucre cylindric, 5-6 mm in diam. Phyllaries in ca. 3 rows, membranous; outer phyllaries narrowly elliptic-linear, 8-9 × 1.5-2 mm, densely black and white lanate, apex subacute; middle and inner phyllaries obovate-elliptic, 8-9 × 2-3 mm, apex acute. Receptacle bristles 0.5-1.5 mm. Corolla rose-purple, 7-8(-9) mm, tube 3-4(-5) mm, limb 3.5-4(-5) mm, lobes (1.2-)1.5-2 mm. Achene brown, cylindric to obconic, 4-5 mm, smooth, glabrous. Pappus mouse-gray to blackish; outer bristles 1-3 mm, reflexed and appressed on achene; inner bristles 7-8 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.
Alpine scree slopes, alpine meadows; 3700-5400 m. Qinghai, S Xinjiang, Xizang [Kashmir].
The type material of Saussurea hypsipeta, now present at WRSL and WU, was not seen by Lipschitz, who assumed that the type had been lost at B, though that was not the case. His choice of a neotype is therefore superseded (Vienna Code, Art. 9.17). Unfortunately, the type of S. hypsipeta differs taxonomically from the neotype. The original material of S. hypsipeta belongs in part to S. gnaphalodes and in part to S. quercifolia, both of which have priority over S. hypsipeta, so the taxon formerly widely known as S. hypsipeta (e.g., in Lipschitz, Rod Saussurea, 30. 1979; Y. L. Chen, Fl. Xizang. 4: 876. 1985; S. W. Liu, Fl. Qinghai. 3: 458. 1996; C. Shih & S. Y. Jin, FRPS 78(2): 11. 1999) had to be given a new name at the species level, which cannot be "glabrata" as this name is already occupied in Saussurea.