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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

67. Saussurea jurineoides H. C. Fu in Ma, Fl. Intramongol., ed. 2. 4: 847. 1993.

阿右风毛菊 a you feng mao ju

Herbs 10-20 cm tall, perennial. Caudex stout, densely covered with dark brown remains of petioles. Stems solitary or few, erect, simple. Lower stem leaves petiolate; petiole 2-3 cm; leaf blade elliptic to narrowly ovate-elliptic, 5-8 × 1.5-2 cm, pinnately lobed or pinnatisect, both surfaces green, pilose, and gland-dotted; lateral lobes 4-8, narrowly ovate to linear, margin entire or sparsely dentate, apex acuminate and mucronate; terminal lobe linear to narrowly ovate-elliptic, margin entire, apex acuminate. Middle and upper stem leaves narrowly ovate-elliptic to linear, gradually smaller upward on stem, pinnately lobed or margin dentate. Capitulum solitary. Involucre broadly campanulate, 1.5-2 cm in diam. Phyllaries in ca. 5 rows, yellowish green, densely villous and gland-dotted, apex spiniform, reflexed, and with a cartilaginous tip; outer phyllaries ovate to narrowly ovate; middle phyllaries narrowly ovate; inner phyllaries narrowly ovate to linear. Receptacle bristly. Corolla purple, ca. 1.8 cm, tube ca. 1 cm, limb ca. 8 mm, lobes ca. 3 mm. Achene brown, cylindric, 3-4 mm, sparsely puberulent and glandular. Pappus white; inner bristles ca. 1.7 cm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Aug.

● Stony mountain slopes; 2400-2500 m. Nei Mongol (Alxa Meng).

No specimens of Saussurea jurineoides were seen by the present authors, and the description here is based on the original publication. It is very close to Saussurea malitiosa, differing from that species only in the stout caudex and the solitary capitulum with somewhat smaller florets.


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