69. Saussurea pinnatidentata Lipschitz, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad). 57: 524. 1972.
羽裂风毛菊 yu lie feng mao ju
Saussurea runcinata Candolle var. pinnatidentata (Lipschitz) A. C. Fu & D. C. Wen.
Herbs 20-25(-80) cm tall, biennial. Stem solitary, erect, branched apically or from base, narrowly winged; wings dentate. Basal and lower stem leaves petiolate; leaf blade narrowly ovate-elliptic to narrowly obovate, 5-11 × 0.5-2 cm, pinnately divided, pinnately lobed, or dentate, scabrous, strigose, or glabrous; lateral lobes 1-6 pairs, linear-oblong, margin entire, apex acuminate and with a cartilaginous mucro; terminal lobe narrowly triangular, apex acute to acuminate. Upper stem leaves sessile, narrowly ovate-elliptic to linear, undivided, margin entire or basally few dentate. Capitula numerous, solitary or few at end of branches in a corymbiform or paniculiform synflorescence, long pedunculate. Involucre campanulate, (5-)8-10 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 4 or 5 rows, sparsely arachnoid, glabrescent; outer phyllaries ovate, ca. 4 × 2 mm, apical appendage herbaceous with a callose-serrulate margin; middle and inner phyllaries narrowly elliptic to linear, 7-10 × 0.8-2 mm, apical appendage purplish red, membranous, and with denticulate margin. Corolla purple, ca. 1.1 cm. Achene only seen as immature. Pappus pale brown; outer bristles short; inner bristles ca. 1 cm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct.
● Grasslands on mountain slopes, fields, saline and alkaline soils; 2200-3200 m. Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai.