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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

73. Saussurea chondrilloides C. Winkler, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 11: 169. 1889.

木质风毛菊 mu zhi feng mao ju

Jurinea chondrilloides (C. Winkler) O. Fedtschenko; Saussurea aphylla K. H. Rechinger; S. rupestris Hemsley & Lace.

Subshrubs 60-80 cm tall. Stem green, erect, strongly and repeatedly branched. Leaves elliptic to linear, 1-7.5 × 0.2-0.5(-1) cm, both surfaces green or glaucous, sparsely pubescent, and gland-dotted, margin entire or with few teeth, apex acute. Uppermost stem leaves linear, ca. 10 × 2-3 mm. Capitula numerous, solitary on branch ends in a lax paniculiform synflorescence. Involucre campanulate to obconic, (3-)6-10 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 5-7 rows, arachnoid tomentose and gland-dotted, apex acuminate; outer phyllaries triangular-ovate, 2-3 × 1-1.5 mm; middle phyllaries narrowly elliptic, 3-10 × 1.5-2 mm; inner phyllaries linear, 10-12 × 1-1.5 mm. Receptacle bristles silvery, subulate, 6-8 mm. Corolla pale reddish purple, 1.1-1.6 cm, glandular, tube 5-8 mm, limb 6-8 mm, lobes 2.5-3 mm. Achene brown, cylindric, 2.5-6 mm, gland-dotted, ribbed, apex with a dentate and lacerate crown. Pappus white or dirty white; outer bristles 1-4[-6] mm, barbellate to plumose, sometimes lacking; inner bristles ca. 1 cm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.

Stony slopes; 1800-2800 m. W Xinjiang [Afghanistan, N Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan].

No specimens of Saussurea chondrilloides from China were seen by the present authors. The description here is based on the treatment by G. M. Shen (Fl. Xinjiang. 5: 275. 1999), on material from Afghanistan, and on an image of the type specimen in LE.


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