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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

97. Saussurea daurica Adams, Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 3: 251. 1834.

达乌里风毛菊 da wu li feng mao ju

Saussurea crassifolia Candolle var. papposa (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Ledebour; S. papposa Turczaninow ex Candolle; S. salsa (Pallas) Sprengel var. papposa (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Ledebour.

Herbs 4-20(-30) cm tall, perennial. Taproot slender, 2-4 mm in diam. Stems solitary or several, ascending, erect, or sometimes procumbent, branched from base or apically. Basal leaves petiolate; petiole 0.5-3 cm; leaf blade narrowly ovate to narrowly elliptic, 2-10 × 0.5-3 cm, fleshy, both surfaces grayish green, gland-dotted, and scabridulous but glabrescent, base cuneate, margin entire, sinuate-dentate, runcinate-pinnately lobed, or pinnately parted, apex acute to subobtuse. Lower stem leaves similar to basal leaves but smaller, margin sinuate-dentate or entire. Upper stem leaves sessile, narrowly elliptic to broadly linear. Capitula usually numerous, in a globose condensed corymbiform synflorescence. Involucre cylindric, (3-)5-6 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 6 or 7 rows, purplish red in apical part, subglabrous, margin pubescent, apex acute to obtuse; outer phyllaries ovate to elliptic, 2-4 × 1-1.5 mm; middle phyllaries narrowly elliptic, 4-9 × 1-1.5 mm; inner phyllaries linear, 9-11 × ca. 1 mm. Corolla pink, 1.3-1.8 cm, tube 8-11 mm, limb 6-7 mm, lobes 3-3.5 mm. Achene cylindric, 2-3 mm, ribbed, glabrous, apex with a short crown. Pappus white; outer bristles 1-3 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 1.1-1.2 cm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 28*.

Salt meadows and marshes, alkaline moist soils near rivers and lakes, riverbeds; 1000-3600 m. W Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang [Mongolia, Russia].


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