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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Saussurea

107. Saussurea mucronulata Lipschitz, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 59(6): 80. 1954.

小尖风毛菊 xiao jian feng mao ju

Herbs 8-30 cm tall, perennial, densely caespitose. Rootstock and caudex strongly fibrous, branched, with many sterile and flowering leaf rosettes. Stems solitary or several, erect or ascending, simple or apically few branched. Rosette and lower stem leaves narrowly elliptic-linear, 3-5 × 0.2-0.5 cm, both surfaces grayish white and with a prominent midvein, abaxially densely arachnoid tomentose, adaxially sparsely arachnoid tomentose, margin entire or denticulate and subrevolute, apex acute. Middle and upper stem leaves sessile, gradually smaller upward on stem, linear, 10-25 × 1-3 mm, base subamplexicaul, apex acuminate. Capitula numerous, in a corymbiform synflorescence, shortly pedunculate. Involucre narrowly campanulate to cylindric, 6-7 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 4 or 5 rows, blackish purple, apex acuminate, with a long ± reflexed cusp; outer phyllaries ovate, 3-5 × 1.5-2 mm; inner phyllaries linear-oblong, 5-8 × 1-1.5 mm. Receptacle with bristles. Corolla red, 1.3-1.5 cm, tube 5-6 mm, limb 8-10 mm. Achene brown, 2.5-3 mm, glabrous, apex with a short rim. Pappus dirty white to pale brown; outer bristles 2-3 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 1-1.2 cm. Fl. and fr. Aug.

● Scree slopes; 2100-3000 m. Xinjiang (Tian Shan).


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