187. Saussurea andryaloides (Candolle) Schultz Bipontinus, Linnaea. 19: 331. 1846.
吉隆风毛菊 ji long feng mao ju
Aplotaxis andryaloides Candolle, Prodr. 6: 542. 1838; Saussurea stoliczkae C. B. Clarke.
Herbs 2-6 cm tall, perennial, stemless or shortly stemmed. Caudex simple or few branched, apically covered with remains of petioles. Stem if present simple, whitish, erect, densely tomentose. Rosette leaves shortly petiolate or sessile, exceeding capitula; petiole to 2 cm; leaf blade broadly linear to narrowly ovate-elliptic, 2-8.5 × 0.3-1.5 cm, lyrate to runcinate-pinnately lobed, or undivided and margin sinuate-dentate, grayish green to grayish white and ± concolorous, abaxially densely tomentose, adaxially densely arachnoid pubescent; lateral lobes 2-5 pairs, obliquely triangular, apex acute and mucronate; terminal lobe narrowly triangular, apex acuminate to caudate. Capitulum solitary, in center of leaf rosette or terminal on stem. Involucre campanulate, 1-2 cm in diam. Phyllaries in 3-6 rows, purplish red, sparsely to densely tomentose, apex acuminate; outer phyllaries narrowly ovate-triangular, 11-12 × 3-4 mm; middle phyllaries narrowly ovate-elliptic, 12-17 × 3-4 mm; inner phyllaries narrowly elliptic, 15-20 × 1-3 mm. Corolla purplish red, 0.9-1.8 cm, tube 5-12 mm, limb 4-6 mm. Achene brown, cylindric, 2.5-4.5 mm, ribbed, smooth, glabrous. Pappus pale brown; outer bristles 0.5-4 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 1.4-1.5 cm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct.
Scree slopes, steppes, meadows, thickets; 3200-5400 m. Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xizang [NW India, Kashmir].
Saussurea andryaloides is very widespread in the W and C parts of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. In Chinese provincial floras of Xizang and Xinjiang, it has been treated as S. stoliczkae. It is not quite clear if the records of S. stoliczkae from Qinghai belong to this species, to S. arenaria, or to S. leiocarpa. In the Hengduan Shan area (W Sichuan and NW Yunnan), records of S. stoliczkae mostly are misidentifications of S. leiocarpa, which is more closely related to S. leontodontoides.