223. Saussurea hwangshanensis Y. Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping. 6: 79. 1949.
黄山风毛菊 huang shan feng mao ju
Saussurea sinuata Komarov var. cordata F. H. Chen.
Herbs to 50 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, erect, apically branched, glabrous. Basal leaves withered at anthesis. Lower and middle stem leaves petiolate; petiole 4-16 cm; leaf blade ovate-cordate, 8-17 × 6-12 cm, both surfaces green, abaxially glabrous, adaxially sparsely strigose, base cordate, margin coarsely dentate, apex acuminate. Upper stem leaves shortly petiolate to subsessile; leaf blade ovate, gradually smaller upward on stem. Capitula 4-8, in a corymbiform synflorescence, pedunculate. Involucre campanulate to globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam. Phyllaries in 4 or 5(-7) rows, straw-colored, basally leathery, apically herbaceous, purplish and densely white arachnoid, and patent to recurved, apex long acuminate; outer phyllaries narrowly triangular-ovate, 4-6 × ca. 2(-3) mm; middle phyllaries narrowly elliptic, 6-10 × ca. 2 mm; inner phyllaries narrowly linear-elliptic, 10-14 × 1.5-2 mm. Receptacle bristles to 5 mm. Corolla purplish red, 1.2-1.5 cm, tube 6-9 mm, limb 5-6 mm, lobes 3.5-4 mm. Achene purplish brown, cylindric, 3.5-4 mm, glabrous. Pappus pale brown to dirty white; outer bristles 2-3 mm, scabrid; inner bristles 9-10 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Sep.
● Forests, grasslands; 1000-1700 m. Anhui (Huang Shan), Zhejiang.