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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Taraxacum

84. Taraxacum simulans Kirschner & Štepánek, Fl. China. 20-21: 310. 2011.

拟蒲公英 ni pu gong ying

Type: China. Sichuan: "Dêgê [德格], in southern vicinity of the town," 4 Jun 1992, L. Businská & R. Businský 3, cultivated as JŠ 5113 (holotype, PRA; isotypes, MO, PE, PRA).

Plantae agamospermae subparvae, foliis saturate viridibus, saepissime anguste oblanceolatis, araneosis, pinnatisectis, lobis lateralibus 4 ad 6 utrinque, vulgo anguste triangularibus, patentibus, interlobiis dentatis, petiolis dense araneosis, purpurascentibus, in foliis exterioribus perlate alatis, phyllariis involucralibus exterioribus 13 ad 17, obscure olivaceo-viridibus, lanceolatis usque ovatis, laxe adpressis, stigmatibus sordide luteis, antheris polliniferis, acheniis plerumque 4.3-4.5 mm longis, superne subsparse distincte spinulosis, in pyramidem subconicam vel subcylindricam 1-1.1 mm longam persensim abeuntibus.

Herbs 9-13 cm tall. Petiole purple, densely arachnoid, broadly winged in outer leaves but ± narrow in inner ones; leaf blade deep green, narrowly oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 6-10 × 1.5-3 cm, arachnoid, pinnatisect, midvein light green but light purplish at base; lateral lobes 4-6 pairs, linear-triangular to narrowly triangular, to 1 cm, patent but some subrecurved or pointing upward, proximal margin entire, distal margin ± straight to subconcave and irregularly dentate, apex acute; interlobes not spotted, 3-9 mm wide, margin irregularly dentate; terminal lobe narrowly to broadly triangular, 1.5-3.5 × 3-4 cm, terminal segment narrowly triangular to flat-deltoid, to 1 × 1.5 cm, margin entire, apex acute. Scapes pinkish green at base but otherwise light green, ± equaling leaves, arachnoid. Capitulum 4-4.5 cm wide. Involucre 9-10 mm wide, base flat. Outer phyllaries 13-17, dark olivaceous green suffused purplish distally, not imbricate, lanceolate to ovate, largest ones 8-9 × (3-)3.5-4 mm and ca. 3/5 as long as inner ones, loosely appressed, border whitish membranous and 0.1-0.3 mm wide, margin sparsely ciliate, apex ± flat or corniculate; inner phyllaries 1.2-1.3 cm. Ligules deep yellow; outer ligules flat, outside striped greenish gray; inner ligules with yellow teeth at apex; ligule tube pubescent. Stigmas dirty yellow. Anthers polliniferous; pollen grains irregular in size. Achene light grayish straw-colored brown, 4.3-4.5 × 0.7-1 mm; body subsparsely but distinctly spinulose above, very gradually narrowing into a subconic to subcylindric 1-1.1 mm cone; beak 1-1.1 cm. Pappus dirty white, 5-6 mm. Fl. late spring. Agamosperm.

● Montane grasslands; 3200-3300 m. W Sichuan (Dêgê).


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