All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 13 Page 74, 109 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

3. Viola subg. Chamaemelanium (Gingins) Juzepczuk in Schischkin & Bobrov, Fl. URSS. 15: 446. 1949.

须毛柱头堇菜亚属 xu mao zhu tou jin cai ya shu

Viola sect. Chamaemelanium Gingins, Mem. Fam. Viol. 1. 1823.

Plant with aerial stem. Stipules free, small. Flowers yellow, rarely white or with violet or brown upper petals. Anterior petal spurred. Style gradually globose, incrassate and not beaked at apex; stigmas on front side of style incrassation, on hemispheric projection.

About 26 species: NE Asia, North America; three species in China.

1 Rhizome procumbent, slender, long, yellow-brown to whitish, internodes longer, with scattered branched rootlets and nodes; flowers larger, 1.5-2 cm.   92 V. muehldorfii
+ Rhizome short, stout, erect or obliquely ascending; flowers smaller, 1-1.5 cm   (2)
2 (1) Lowest cauline leaf above middle of stem; pedicel shorter, 1-3 cm.   90 V. orientalis
+ Lowest cauline leaf below middle of stem; pedicel longer.   91 V. acutifolia

Lower Taxa


Flora of China @
Browse by
Advanced Search

Flora of China Home




 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |