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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Clusiaceae | Garcinia

Garcinia nujiangensis C. Y. Wu et Y. H. Li


Description from Flora of China

Trees 10-15 m tall, 20-30 cm in diam. Bark gray-brown. Twigs gray-brown or dark brown, longitudinally sulcate, not lenticellate. Stipules 2; petiole 6-12 mm; leaf blade lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, or oblong-lanceolate, 10-13(-18) × 3-5 cm, papery, midvein raised on both surfaces; secondary veins 12-15 pairs, conspicuously raised abaxially, curved, joined at leaf margin; tertiary veins subparallel, not reticulate, base cuneate, margin narrowly cartilaginous, slightly involute, apex acuminate. Plant dioecious. Male flowers in 6-8- or more flowered, cymes; cymes 2 or 3, axillary, very short; peduncles ca. 2 mm, robust; pedicels 1-2 mm; sepals 4, suborbicular, subequal, membranous on margin; outer 2: thicker, fleshy; inner 2: thinner; petals yellowish, obovate, subequal, slightly smaller than sepals; stamen fascicles 4, filaments in each completely united, forming annular mass around pistillode, each fascicle with 50-60 anthers, 2-celled, cells longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode obovoid; stigma peltate, irregularly lobed on margin. Female flowers di- or trichotomous cymes, axillary; peduncle very short, 3-4 mm, with persistent basal bracts; pedicels 1.5-2 cm, sulcate; filaments of staminodes united into 1 whorl and enveloping pistil; anthers 20-25; ovary 6-8 mm, 1-loculed, dilated at middle; stigma peltate, 4-lobed, not papillate. Mature fruit yellowish, globose, ellipsoid or ovoid, 2.5-3.5 × 1.5-2(-2.5) cm, smooth, 1- or 2-seeded; stigma sometimes oblique. Seeds 1 or 2. Fl. Dec-Feb, fr. Aug-Sep.

This species is similar to Garcinia stipulata T. Anderson but the latter differs in having fewer, indistinct, incurved reticulate, secondary, and tertiary leaf veins, male flowers in 4-6-flowered cymes, and female flowers solitary or geminate.

● Dense forests on mountain slopes and valleys; (800-)1100-1700 m. SE Xizang (Mêdog), NW and W Yunnan (Gongshan, Longchuan, Yingjiang).


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