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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Clusiaceae | Garcinia

11. Garcinia nujiangensis C. Y. Wu & Y. H. Li in Y. H. Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19: 494. 1981.

怒江藤黄 nu jiang teng huang

Trees 10-15 m tall, 20-30 cm in diam. Bark gray-brown. Twigs gray-brown or dark brown, longitudinally sulcate, not lenticellate. Stipules 2; petiole 6-12 mm; leaf blade lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, or oblong-lanceolate, 10-13(-18) × 3-5 cm, papery, midvein raised on both surfaces; secondary veins 12-15 pairs, conspicuously raised abaxially, curved, joined at leaf margin; tertiary veins subparallel, not reticulate, base cuneate, margin narrowly cartilaginous, slightly involute, apex acuminate. Plant dioecious. Male flowers in 6-8- or more flowered, cymes; cymes 2 or 3, axillary, very short; peduncles ca. 2 mm, robust; pedicels 1-2 mm; sepals 4, suborbicular, subequal, membranous on margin; outer 2: thicker, fleshy; inner 2: thinner; petals yellowish, obovate, subequal, slightly smaller than sepals; stamen fascicles 4, filaments in each completely united, forming annular mass around pistillode, each fascicle with 50-60 anthers, 2-celled, cells longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode obovoid; stigma peltate, irregularly lobed on margin. Female flowers di- or trichotomous cymes, axillary; peduncle very short, 3-4 mm, with persistent basal bracts; pedicels 1.5-2 cm, sulcate; filaments of staminodes united into 1 whorl and enveloping pistil; anthers 20-25; ovary 6-8 mm, 1-loculed, dilated at middle; stigma peltate, 4-lobed, not papillate. Mature fruit yellowish, globose, ellipsoid or ovoid, 2.5-3.5 × 1.5-2(-2.5) cm, smooth, 1- or 2-seeded; stigma sometimes oblique. Seeds 1 or 2. Fl. Dec-Feb, fr. Aug-Sep.

● Dense forests on mountain slopes and valleys; (800-)1100-1700 m. SE Xizang (Mêdog), NW and W Yunnan (Gongshan, Longchuan, Yingjiang).

This species is similar to Garcinia stipulata T. Anderson but the latter differs in having fewer, indistinct, incurved reticulate, secondary, and tertiary leaf veins, male flowers in 4-6-flowered cymes, and female flowers solitary or geminate.


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