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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Poaceae | Saccharum

Saccharum barberi Jesw.


Description from Flora of China

Saccharum officinarum Linnaeus subsp. barberi (Jeswiet) Burkill.

Perennial with short stout rhizomes. Culms solid, up to 2 m tall, 1–2 cm in diam., solid, nodes bearded, softly pilose below inflorescence. Leaf sheaths longer than internodes; leaf blades ca. 50 × 1–2 cm, margins serrate; ligule well developed. Panicle very large, axis with white silky hairs. Spikelets oblong; callus hairs longer than spikelet; lower glume oblong, glabrous, margin infolded; lower lemma slightly shorter than glumes; upper lemma narrowly linear, awnless. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn. 2n = 82–124.

This name covers a group of slender, relatively hardy, cultivated sugarcane clones originating in subtropical N India. These are ancient types not far removed from wild Saccharum spontaneum and now usually included in S. officinarum under cultivar names. They have mostly been superseded by modern, commercial varieties.

Cultivated. Guangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [originating in Bangladesh and India].


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