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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

40. Ficus subincisa Buchanan-Hamilton ex Smith in Rees, Cycl. 14: Ficus no. 91. 1810.

棒果榕 bang guo rong

Description from Flora of China

Ficus caudata Wallich ex Miquel (1848), not Stokes (1812); F. clavata Wallich ex Miquel; F. subincisa var. paucidentata (Miquel) Corner; F. trachycarpa Miquel var. paucidentata Miquel.

Shrubs or small trees, 1-3 m tall. Bark dark grayish, smooth. Branchlets reddish brown, slender, narrowly winged. Stipules caducous, linear to lanceolate, ca. 5 cm. Petiole 4-6 mm; leaf blade obovate-oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 4-12 × 2-5 cm, papery, with cystoliths, base cuneate, margin apically undulate or with a few blunt teeth, apex long-caudate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein, oblique to near margin then looped. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, reddish orange when mature, ellipsoid to ± globose, 0.6-2.5 cm in diam., smooth or tuberculate and lenticellate, apical pore navel-like, ± convex; peduncle 2-10 mm; involucral bracts triangular. Male flowers: near apical pore, pedicellate; calyx lobes 4; stamen 1 or 2(-3). Gall flowers: ovary smooth; style lateral; stigma shortly funnelform. Female flowers: style lateral, long; stigma 2-branched. Achenes lenslike, smooth. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Sep-Oct.

Dense and sparse forests, along streams, valleys; 400-2400 m. W Guangxi, Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Kashmir, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].


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