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Pakistan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

16. Ficus subincisa Buch.-Ham. ex J.E. Smith in Rees, Cycl. 14. Ficus n. 91. 1810. Corner in Gard. Bull. Singapore 17(2): 420. 1960; Ibid, 21(1): 36. 1965.


  • Ficus caudata Griff.
  • Ficus chincha Roxb.
  • Ficus clavata Will. ex Miq.
  • Ficus subincisa var. trachycarpa (Miq.) corner ex Chater
  • Ficus trachycarpa Miq.

    An erect shrub or small tree, 34 m tall with scabrid young shoots and grey bark. Leaves with (3-) 5-8 (-10) mm long petiole; lamina membranous, oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 7-15 (-17) cm long, 3-5.5 (-7) cm broad, 3-costate at the ± cuneate-acute base, margins entire or sinuate-dentate in the upper half, apex abruptly cuspidate, glabrous, scabrous on both sides, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, bulging and rough punctate beneath, intercostals present; stipules lanceolate, 8-10 mm long, caducous. Hypanthodia shortly pedunculate, pedunculate, peduncle 2.5-4 long, solitary axilhry, rarely paired, dimorphic, ovoid-obovoid or globose, subtended by 3 inconspicous basal bracts, apical orifice covered by large bracts. Male flowers: pedicellate, ostiolar and scattered among gall flowers; sepals bracts. red, 5-6-partite; stamen solitary in ostiolar flowers, free and 2(-3) in dispersed ones, anthers broadly ovoid. Female flowers: pedicellate, sepals dark red, 5-toothed; ovary with a subterminal elongate, slender style, stigma often bifid. Figs c. 12 mm in diem., warty, yellow.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: April-May; October-November.

    Type: Smith Herbarium Sheet No. 1610.42 (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Kashmir) eastwards to Nepal, N. Burma, China (Yunnan) and ludo-China:.

    Reported from C-6 & C-8 Mirpur and Jammu by Stewart, l.c. It seems to be rare in our area or undercollected.


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