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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

5. Ficus subgen. Sycidium (Miquel) Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 289. 1867.

糙叶榕亚属 cao ye rong ya shu

Description from Flora of China

Ficus sect. Sycidium Miquel, London J. Bot. 7: 228. 1848.

Trees, shrubs, or climbers, terrestrial or initially epiphytic; dioecious. Creeping branches with adventitious roots. Stipules semiamplexicaul to lateral, less frequently fully amplexicaul. Leaves spirally arranged, distichous, or opposite; leaf blade often asymmetric, margin often dentate to sometimes lobed; wax glands on abaxial surface, in axils of one or both main basal veins, occasionally on midvein. Figs usually axillary below leaves or variously cauliflorous, interfloral bracts absent, internal bristles often present, apical pore usually with many upper bracts visible; peduncle often with scattered bracts; lateral bracts often present. Male flowers: around apical pore; stamen 1(or 2); pistillode present. Female flowers: stigma simple, truncate. Fruit an achene or drupelet.

Members of this subgenus are pollinated by fig wasps belonging to the genera Kradibia and Liporrapalum.

About 110 species: from Africa through Asia to Australia and the Pacific Islands; 13 species (one endemic) in China.


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