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Pakistan | Family List | Buxaceae

Buxus Linn., Sp.Pl. 983. 1753. Gen.Pl.ed.5.423.1754; Benth.& Hook.f., Gen.Pl.3:266.1883; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5:267.1885; Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2:108.1968.

Buxus papillosa
Illustration

Credit: Azmat

Profusely branched shrubs or dwarf trees. Leaves opposite, sessile or subsessile, entire, glabrous or hairy. Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, of dense racemose clusters, often with a terminal female flower surrounded by several male flowers. Flowers greenish-yellow, unisexual (plants monoecious), sessile to shortly pedicellate. Sepals 4-6, unequal. Stamens 4, free, inserted on receptacle around vestigial ovary, anthers oblong with thick connective, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary tricarpellary, syncarpous, 3-loculed, each locule 2-ovuled; styles 3, rarely basally connate, spreading, short, stigma 2-lobed. Capsule coriaceous, ovoid, 3-beaked with persistent styles, dehiscing into 3, 2-seeded and 2-horned valves. Seed caruncled, somewhat triangular or oblong, glossy-black; embryo with oblong cotyledons.

About 70 species; distributed in Eurasia, Middle East, Tropical and South Africa, Madagascar, Indo-Pakistan subcontinent to East Asia, Philippines and Sunda Isles; West Indies and North and Central America.


1 Young branches hoary pubescent. Leaves finely hairy to glabrous, whitish-papillate below with Inconspicuous nerves. Horns of the capsule upright   Buxus papillosa
+ Young branches hirsute, hairs spreading. Leaves glabrous except the hirsute midrib and petiole, not whitish-papillate but with conspicuous nerves. Horns of the capsule divergent   Buxus wallichiana

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


 

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