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Pakistan | Family List | Vitaceae

6. Cissus Linn., Sp. Pl. 117. 1753. Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl.1:387. 1862; DC., Prodr. 1:627. 1824; Planch. in Monogr. Phaner 5: 470.1887; Elias in Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 55(2): 84. 1968.


Climbing herb or small shrubs, sometimes succulent, roots often tuberous, stem mostly 4 angled rarely winged, glabrous-pubescent. Tendril leaf opposed, simple or forked, stipules in pair, caducous. Leaves alternate, simple entire, lobed or 3-5 foliate, ptiolate. Inflorescence of axillary or terminal corymbs, umbels or cymes, opposite the leaves. Flowers 4-merous, bisexual or functionally male. Clayx cupular, entire or shallowy 4-lobed. Petals 4, valvate, cucullate or slightly spreading, and falling separately after anthesis. Disc cupular, margin 4-lobed, surrounding the ovary and adherent to its base. Ovary bilocular, biovulate, style subulate, often persisting, stigma small discoid. Berry 1-2 seeded. Seeds obovoid, attenuate at the base, often trigonous.

A large genus of about 350 tropical or rarely sub-tropical species, represented by 2 species in Pakistan, one of which is cultivated.

1 Stem quadrangular, constricted at nodes, glabrous or downy; tendril simple. Leaves entire or 3 lobed, petiole 0.5-1.2 cm long   2 Cissus quadrangularis
+ Stem not quadrangular, densely or shortly pubescent, tendril much branched. Leaves pinnately trifoliate, petiole 2-5 cm long   1 Cissus carnosa

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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