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Pakistan | Family List | Campanulaceae

1. Codonopsis Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey. 2:103. 1824. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3:430.1881; Chipp in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38:374-391.1908; Federov in Schischkin, Fl. URSS. 24:433.1957; Rech. f. & Schimann-Czeika in Rech. t., Fl. Iran. 13:3.1965.


Plants perennial, twining, decumbent or erect. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary. Calyx lobes 5, foliaceous. Corolla campanulate with 5 short lobes; bluish-green. Stamens 5, free, filaments flattened, situated on the margin of the disc. Capsule fleshy when young, becoming dry and hard, beaked, dehiscing localicidally by 3 valves. Ovary 3-locular; styles cylindrical; stigmas 3, flattened.

A genus of c. 40 species, mainly East Asian. 3 Himalayan species are found in Pakistan.

1 Twiners. Leaves up to 7 x 5 cm, broadly ovate with rounded or cordate bases   3 Codonopsis rotundifolia
+ Plants erect to decumbent, Leaves up to 3 x 1 cm, narrowly ovate to lanceolate   (2)
2 (1) Plants 1 m or more tall or decumbent. Leaves ovate-lanceolate. Calyx segments broad, triangular, overlapping at base, sinus acute   1 Codonopsis clematidea
+ Plants 1 m or less tall. Leaves frequently lanceolate, apex protracted. Calyx segments narrow, sinus frequently obtuse, sometimes acute   2 Codonopsis obtusa

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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