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Pakistan | Family List | Umbelliferae

Eryngium Linn., Sp. Pl. 232. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 108. 1754; Boiss., Fl. Or. 2: 820. 1872; C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 669. 1879; Wolff in Engler, Pflanzenr. 61: 106. 1913.

Plants perennial, spiny. Leaves radical and cauline, divided or not divided; margin toothed to spiny. Umbels simple. Involucre of linear to lanceolate or leaf-like bracts, margin entire to spiny. Flowers bracteolate, sessile. Bractlets linear, pungent. Calyx tube scaly or tuberculate. Sepals lanceolate to oblong, mucronate. Petals emarginate. Stylopodium depressed; styles long. Fruit ellip¬soid to cylindrical; ridges not prominent; vittae obsolete; carpophore adnate to the mericarps. Inner seed face plane to slightly concave.

A large genus of over 200 species found in the tropical and the temperate regions except Tropical and South Africa. 3 species have been reported from W. Pakistan but more collecting and work needs to be done on this group.

1 Bractlets longer than the flowers. Sepals lanceolate to oblong; mucro as long as the Sepal   (2)
+ Bractlets as long as the flowers. Sepals oblong; mucro shorter than the sepal   Eryngium carlinoides
2 (1) Radical leaves not divided   Eryngium coeruleum
+ Radical leaves divided   Eryngium billardieri

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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