3. Fragaria L., Sp. Pl. 1: 494. 1753. Gen. Pl. 218. 1754. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 343-5. 1878, G. Staudt in Canad. J. Bot. 40: 869-886. 1962, Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 61: 75-77. 1969, L. Chaoluan, H. Ikeda & H. Ohba in Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven, Flora China 9: 335–338. 2003., C. Kalkman ‘Rosaceae’ in Kubitzki, K. Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 6: 366-367. 2004.
Sven Landrein , Renata Borosova and Joanna Osborne
The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, U.K.
Perennial herbs, often stoloniferous. Leaves mostly radical, alternate, petiolate, stipulate. Lamina 3-foliolate or occasionally pinnately 5-foliolate. Inflorescence erect, terminal, cymose, few flowered, rarely solitary. Flowers bisexual (or sometimes unisexual on polygamo-dioecious plants). Hypanthium obconic, flattened to slightly concave. Epicalyx 5-lobed, alternating with and smaller than sepals. Sepals 5, valvate, persistent. Petals 5, white, rarely yellow. Stamens numerous. Carpels numerous, free, borne on a convex receptacle, ovule epitropous. Fruit a glandetum formed from enlarged, fleshy receptacle. Achenes numerous, brownish, seated in pits on surface of glandetum.
A genus of about 10 species: mainly north temperate and subtropical, with one species in South America. Represented in Pakistan by one wild and one cultivated species.