10. Gymnadenia R. Br. in W. Aiton et W. T. Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 5: 197. 1813.
Plants with palmate tuberoids and leafy stem. Leaves lanceolate to narrowly oblong. Inflorescence densly many-flowered, cylindric short. Flowers small, pink, rose, rarely white. Dorsal sepal and petals connivent, forming a hood, lateral sepals spreading or ± reflexed. Labellum entire or 3-lobed, spurred. Spur filiform, as long as or longer than the ovary. Column short; anther erect; pollinia 2, sectile, each with caudicle, attached to a strap-shaped viscid gland, without a pouch (bursicula); rostellum 3-lobed, mid-lobe lamelliform, placed between the anther-loculi; stigmas 2, laterally placed on wings on each side of the column. Ovary sessile, slightly twisted.
About 7 species, from which 2 widespread in Europe and Northern Asia, 5 in the Himalaya and China. Represented in Pakistan by one Himalayan species.