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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae

Melilotus Mill., Gard. Diet., Abr. ed. 4. 1754. O.E. Schulz in Bot. Jahrb. 29:660-735. 1900.

Annual or biennial herbs. Leaf trifoliolate, leaflets toothed, stipules adnate to petiole. Inflorescence an axillary raceme. Calyx teeth 5, unequal. Corolla white or yellow, keel shorter than the wings. Stamens diadelphous, 9+1, anthers uniform. Fruit indehiscent, 1-4-seeded, small, longer than the calyx, sculptured.

A genus of about 25 species, found chiefly in the Mediterranean region and central Asia, represented in Pakistan by 4 species.

1 Stipules dentate or if entire then corolla c. 2 mm long   (2)
+ Stipules entire, corolla 3.5-7 mm long   (3)
2 (1) Inflorescence 3-10-flowered, smaller than the subtending leaf, corolla 4-5 mm long   Melilotus messanensis
+ Inflorescence 10-16-flowered, at least as long as the subtending leaf, corolla 2-3 mm long   Melilotus indica
3 (1) Corolla yellow, wing longer than the keel   Melilotus officinalis
+ Corolla white, wing equalling the keel   Melilotus alba

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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