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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Melilotus

Melilotus officinalis (Linn.) Pall., Reise. 537. 1776. Baker in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2:89. 1876.

  • Trifolium officinalis Linn.

    Annual to biennial, erect or decumbent plant, 30-250 cm tall. Leaflets of lower leaves obovate to ovate, the upper ovate-lanceolate, serrate. Stipules of lower leaves entire. Inflorescence a 4-10 cm long raceme, longer than the subtending leaf. Corolla 5-7 mm long, yellow, wing and vexillum equal, longer than the keel. Fruit 3-5 mm long, glabrous, transversely striated, usually 1-seeded.

    Fl.Per.: September.

    Type: Described from Europe.

    Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, India (N. Punjab), Tibet, Russia (Central Asia, Siberia, Caucasus, European Russia), China, Persia, Turkey, Middle and Southern Europe; introduced in America and Tropical Africa.

    A weed of cultivated fields and waste places.


    Related Objects  

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  • Illustration
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  • Image/JPEG (Harvard University Herbaria)
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    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (Richard H. Ree)
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  • Image File (David Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG

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