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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

15. Prunella L., Sp. Pl. 600. 1753. L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 261. 1754 (as Brunella); Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 409. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 670. 1885; Briquet in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 1, 4, 3A: 241. 1896; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 148. 1940; Borissova in Komarov, Fl. URSS 20: 494. 1954; Reek f., Fl. Iran. 150: 253. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Brunella Miller

    Perennial herbs with a pilose indumentum of simple hairs. Leaves undivided, entire to irregularly serrate, lower petiolate. Verticillasters c. 6-flowered congested to form a dense terminal ovoid-oblong terminal spike. Bracts large, ± imbricate. Flowers violet, purple or white, ± sessile. Calyx tubular-campanulate, bilabiate; upper lip 3-toothed; lower lip 2-toothed; throat glabrous; in fruit mouth ± closed. Corolla bilabiate; tube straight, widened above, pilose-squamate near base; lower lip 3-lobed with a dentate median lobe; upper lip galeate, cucullate entire. Stamens 4, included in upper lip of corolla or somewhat exserted, didynamous, anterior longer than posterior; filaments apically 2-armed, one sterile and subulate, the other bearing a 2-locular theca; thecae divering, glabrous. Style glabrous with 2 subequal branches. Nutlets ovoid to elliptic, basally cuneate with a small white caruncle, apically obtuse; smooth.

    A small mainly European and Asiatic genus of about 7 species; 1 species in temperate areas of both hemispheres. Characteristic features are the terminal spike-like inflorescence and the apically divided staminal filaments.

    Lower Taxon


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