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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

30. Stachys L., Sp. Pl. 580. 1753. L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 253. 1754; Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 456. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 675. 1885; Briquet in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 1, 4, 3A: 230. 1896; Mukerje in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 186. 1940; Knorring in Komarov, Fl. URSS 21: 194. 1954; Hedge & Lamond in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 143. 1968; Bhattacharjee, Taxonomic studies in Stachys II: a new infrageneric classification of Stachys, in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38: 65-96. 1980; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 354. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Phlomidoschema Vved.

    Perennial herbs (in ours), herbaceous or suffruticose, with simple or stellate-dendroid hairs. Leaves undivided, margins entire to serrate or lobed, ovate cordate to narrow elliptic, petiolate or sessile. Verticillasters 2-20-flowered in axils of upper leaves. Bracts present, herbaceous or spiny. Flowers white to pink to purple, sometimes cleistogamous. Calyx tubular to campanulate, scarcely bilabiate or regular, 5-10-nerved; teeth 5, subequal; tube internally pilose or bearded at throat. Corolla longer than calyx, bilabiate; upper lip ± straight; tube annulate or not, exserted from calyx or not. Stamens 4, didynamous, anterior pair longer than posterior, included under upper lip of corolla or included within corolla tube; thecae bilocular, spreading, glabrous, or bearded Style with two subequal short lobes. Nutlets trigonous or scarcely so, apically obtuse or truncate.

    A large almost cosmopolitan genus of about 250 species, richly developed in Europe and SW Asia.

    Species not yet recorded from Pakistan

    Stachys arvensis L., a native of Europe and SW Asia, is now a widespread introduced plant of weedy places in many parts of the world. It is a small annual with pinkish flowers about 6 mm long.

    1 All parts of the plant with a dense stel-late - dendroid indumentum; corolla c. 6 mm long   6 Stachys parviflora
    + Plants with simple hairs only; corolla more than 10 mm long   (2)
    2 (1) Verticillasters 2 (-6) - flowered; bracts spiny, some leaves usually lobed   5 Stachys tibetica
    + Verticillasters 6 - many - flowered; bracts herbaceous; leaves without lobes   (3)
    3 (2) Upper lip of corolla with short hairs [plants of damp places or wet ground]   (4)
    + Upper lip of corolla with long soft hairs [plants of dry ground]   (5)
    4 (3) All leaves petiolate, broadly ovate   3 Stachys sylvatica
    + Only lowermost leaves shortly petiolate, others sessile, oblong to oblong-lanceolate   4 Stachys palustris
    5 (3) Leaf under surface and at least young stems white-lanate; corolla 10-12 mm long   1 Stachys floccosa
    + Leaf under surface and young stems not white-lanate; corolla 10-17 mm long   2 Stachys emodi

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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